Clean rooms are a very specialized nucleus which needs an industrial environment to provide services, supplies and energy: electricity, process steam, cold water, hot water, dust collection, plumbing and drainage, CSW, telephony and data. PCI…
These services must be calculated, designed and constructed according to the needs of the area trying to minimize the most of these services.

Maintenance should be designed so that it can be performed quickly and effectively, and if possible without interfering with the normal development of the areas.

It is important to promote the establishment of predictive maintenance programs, providing that corrective maintenance operations can be carried out quickly and efficiently with the least possible impact on the production process.
Energy consumption of facilities’ services also has a strong impact on total energy consumption; therefore the design should be based on a general concept of energy efficiency and on the use of free energies from the own production processes.